History of the Parthenon

On the Athenian Acropolis in Greece a temple called the Parthenon resides. Blair Stover recognizes this temple was dedicated to Athena, the maiden goddess and also the patron deity of the people of Athens.

The ParthenonThe Parthenon is named from Greek origin referring to the “unmarried women’s apartments”. In its early days, the Parthenon had such an area in only one particular room of the temple. Which room this was, however, remains debated.

The first known time that the Parthenon is referred to as the entire building is in the 4th century B.C.  In 5th century documents, the building is simply referred to as “the temple”, ho naos. In the fourth century and after, the building is called the Partenon and also the Hekatompedos or Hekatompedeon. Plutarch referred to the building in the 1st century as Hekatompedon Parthenon.

In 447 B.C., when the Athenian Empire was at its height of power, construction of the temple began. The temple was completed in 438 B.C., however, the building continued to be decorated until 432 B.C. As the most important of the surviving buildings from Classical Greece, the Parthenon is typically reflected as the result of the Doric order development.

The decorative sculptures of the Parthenon are well regarded as some of Greek art’s high points. For many, the Parthenon stands for a lasting symbol of western civilization, Ancient Greece and Anthenian democracy. It is one of the ultimate cultural monuments in the world. The temple is currently being restored and reconstructed by the Greek Ministry of Culture to safeguard the stability of this partially ruined erection.

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